Rapolano Terme and its history
It is in the land of the crete (clay soils), beyond the southern border with Chianti, thirty kilometres from Siena, where the town of Rapolano Terme lies, amidst woods, hills and the valley of the river Ombrone. Here and there the profile of old hamlets and farmhouses to bear witness to a farming culture that is still quite alive. This charming landscape, where the hand of man has not broken the spell of purity and unpolluted nature, captures the attention of the visitor, even from a historic, artistic and cultural point of view. All the territory of Rapolano is filled with artefacts from the Etruscan and Roman eras, such as the archaeological settlement of Campo Muri. Under Roman rule agricolture prospered, and when the Franks arrived Rapolano became the feud of the Cacciaconti famuly, along with San Gimignanello and Serre. In the 12° century, after the birth of the Communes, it becane dominated by the City of Siena. The entire territory was improved and Rapolano became a prominent town with its famous hot springs. Piazza del Castellare was without a doubt the first nucleus of the castle. The 14° century Porta dei Tintori was the only access to the fortified village. At the foot of the medieval village stood, and still stands, the
San Vittore Parish of early Christian origin. The building has Romanesque features, a nave and two aisles and a semicircular apse. From Rapolano subsoil are the hot springs. The use of this water dates backto Roman times. The chemical composition of the water is characterised by the combination of sulphur, carbon and calcium. Today there are two spas in operation: L'Antica Querciolaia and Le Terme San Giovanni.It is especially good for healing various forms of rheumatism.