Anyone who hears the name of Montalcino immediately thinks of Brunello. It is to this exquisite wine that this typical Tuscan town (567 m.), with its mighty fortifications and towers, owes its fame. The history of Montalcino is linked to the centuries-long conflict between Siena and Florence.
The famous victory of Siena at the battle of Montaperti (1260) was a serious blow to Montalcino, that had supported Florence. All its houses were destroyed, the wells filled up with muck and mud, the fields were burned and strewn with salt, the vines were torn up and fruit trees felled.
A century later, Siena had a castle built in the town of Montalcino to defend it against the expanding influence of the religious state. When Siena was definitively defeated by Florence in the 16th century, after having held out under the flag of the republic of Siena for 4 years, the town was annexed by, and became part of, the grand duchy of Tuscany.